Researchers in Action

magnified image of E. Coli bacteria

Since January 2012, STEC CAP collaborators have made substantial progress and have contributed to significant research results and scientific impacts. This section includes progressive science discoveries, publications, reports and presentations related to the STEC CAP project, as well as education and training impacts.  As of June 1, 2017, there have been over 87 refereed journal articles that have been published on STEC CAP work. 

Refereed Journal Articles
magnified image of E. Coli bacteria
  1. Jacob, M. E., X. Shi, B. An, T. G. Nagaraja, and J. Bai. 2012. Evaluation of a multiplex real-time PCR for the quantification of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle feces.  Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 9:79-85.

  2. Paddock, Z., X. Shi, J. Bai, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2012. Applicability of a multiplex PCR to detect O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157 serogroups of Escherichia coli in cattle feces. Veterinary Microbiology 156:381-388.

  3. Bai, J., Z. D. Paddock, X. Shi, S. Li, B. An, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2012. Applicability of a multiplex PCR to detect the seven major Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli based on genes that code for serogroup-specific O-antigens and major virulence factors in cattle feces. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 9:541-548.

  4. Paddock, Z. D., X. Shi, D. G. Renter, C. R. Krehbiel, B. DeBey, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2013. Effects of feeding dried distiller’s grains with supplemental starch on fecal shedding of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in experimentally-inoculated steers.  Journal of Animal Science 91:1362-1370.

  5. Erdozain, G., K. KuKanich, B. Chapman, and D. Powell. 2013.  Observation of public health risk behaviours, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos - 2010-2011.  Zoonoses and Public Health 60:304-310.

  6. Porto-Fett, A. C. S., B. A. Shoyer, H. Thippareddi, and J. B. Luchansky. 2013.  Fate of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in mechanically tenderized beef prime rib following searing, cooking, and holding under commercial conditions. Journal of Food Protection 76:405-412.

  7. Consortium of Food Process Validation Experts (CFPVE). 2013. Validation of antimicrobial interventions for small and very small processors: A how-to guide to develop and conduct validations. Food Protection Trends 33:95-104.

  8. Powell, D. A., S. Erdozain, C. Dodd, R. Costa, K. Morley, and B. J. Chapman. 2013. Audits and inspections are never enough: a critique to enhance food safety. Food Control 30:686-691.

  9. Porto-Fett, A. C. S., J. Pierre, B. A. Shoyer, and J. B. Luchansky. 2013. Effect of storage temperatures and cooking times on viability of Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 inoculated in/on goetta. Journal of Food Safety 33:128-136.

  10. Chapman, B. J., T. MacLaurin, and D. A. Powell. 2013. Video observation and data coding methods to assess food handling practices at food service. Food Protection Trends 33:146-156.

  11. Paddock, Z. D., J. Bai, X. Shi, D. G. Renter, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2013.  Detection of Escherichia coli O104 in the feces of feedlot cattle by a multiplex PCR assay designed to target major genetic traits of the virulent hybrid strain responsible for the 2011 German outbreak. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 79:3522-3525.

  12. Elramady, M., S. Aly, P. Rossitto, J. Crook, and J. Cullor.  2013. Synergistic effects of lactic acid and sodium dodecyl sulfate to decontaminate Escherichia coli O157:H7 on cattle hide sections. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 10:661-663.

  13. Luchansky, J. B., A. C. S. Porto-Fett, B. A. Shoyer, J. Phillips, D. R. Eblen, P. Evans, and N. Bauer. 2013. Thermal inactivation of a single strain each of serotype O26:H11, O45:H2, O103:H2, O104:H4, O111:H-, O121:H19, O145:HM, and O157:H7 cells of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli within wafers of ground beef. Journal of Food Protection 76:1434-1437.

  14. Vogstad, A. R., R. A. Moxley, G. E. Erickson, T. J. Klopfenstein, and D. R. Smith. 2013.  Assessment of heterogeneity of efficacy of a three-dose regimen of a type III secreted protein vaccine for reducing STEC O157 in feces of feedlot cattle.  Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 10:678-683.

  15. Luchansky, J. B., A. C. S. Porto-Fett, B. A. Shoyer, J. Phillips, V. Chen, D. R. Eblen, L. V. Cook, T. B. Mohr, E. Esteban, and N. Bauer. 2013. Fate of Shiga toxin-producing O157:H7 and non-O157:H7 Escherichia coli cells within refrigerated, frozen, or frozen then thawed ground beef patties cooked on a commercial open-flame gas or a clam-shell electric grill. Journal of Food Protection 76:1500-1512.

  16. Cernicchiaro, N., C. A. Cull, Z. D. Paddock, X. Shi, J. Bai, T. G. Nagaraja, and D. R. Renter. 2013. Prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and associated virulence genes in feces from commercial feedlot cattle. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 10:835-841.

  17. Jacob M. E., J. Bai, D. G. Renter, A. T. Rogers, X. Shi, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2014. Comparing real-time and conventional PCR to culture-based methods for detecting and quantifying Escherichia coli O157 in cattle feces. Journal of Food Protection 77:314-319.

  18. Smith, D. R. 2014. Cattle production systems: ecology of existing and emerging Escherichia coli types related to foodborne illness. Annual Review of Animal Biosciences 2:445-468.

  19. Gallagher, D. L., K. Lago, C. Hagedorn, and A. M. Dietrich. 2013. Effects of strain type and water quality on soil-associated Escherichia coli.  International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 4:25-31.

  20. Paddock Z. D., D. G. Renter, C. A. Cull, J. Bai, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2014. Escherichia coli O26 in feedlot cattle: Fecal prevalence, isolation, characterization and effects of an E. coli O157 vaccine and a direct-fed microbial. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 11:186-193.

  21. Cálix-Lara, T. F., M. Rajendran, S. T. Talcott, S. B. Smith, R. K. Miller, A. Castillo, J. M. Sturino and T. M. Taylor. 2014. Inhibition of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica on spinach and identification of antimicrobial substances produced by a commercial lactic acid bacteria food safety intervention. Food Microbiology 38:192-200.

  22. Blackburn, M. L., C. M. Bruhn, L. S. Miller, C. Ganthavorn, and B. A. Ober. 2014. Seniors and their food handlers and caregivers, need food safety and nutrition education. California Agriculture 68:30-37.

  23. Cernicchiaro, N., D. G. Renter, C. A. Cull, Z. D. Paddock, X. Shi, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2014.  Fecal shedding of non-O157 serogroups of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in feedlot cattle vaccinated with an Escherichia coli O157:H7 SRP vaccine or fed a Lactobacillus-based direct-fed microbial. Journal of Food Protection 77:732-737.

  24. Vogstad, A. R., R. A. Moxley, G. E. Erickson, T. J. Klopfenstein, and D. R. Smith. 2014. Stochastic simulation model comparing distributions of STEC O157 faecal shedding prevalence between cattle vaccinated with type III secreted protein vaccines and non-vaccinated cattle.  Zoonoses and Public Health 63:283-289.

  25. Adams, P. G., L. Lamoureux, K. L. Swingle, H. Mukundan, and G. A. Montaño.  2014. Lipopolysaccharide-induced dynamic lipid membrane reorganization: tubules, perforations, and stacks. Biophysical Journal 106:2395-2407.

  26. Luchansky, J. B., A. C. S. Porto-Fett, B. A. Shoyer, H. Thippareddi, J. R. Amaya, and M. Lemler.  2014.  Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli cells in mechanically tenderized veal. Journal of Food Protection 77:1201-1206.

  27. Chapman, B., B. Raymond, and D. Powell. 2014. Potential of social media as a tool to combat foodborne illness. Perspectives in Public Health 134:225-230.

  28. Bruhn, C. 2014. Chicken preparation in the home: An observational study. Food Protection Trends 34:318-330.

  29. Kirsch, K. R., T. M. Taylor, D. Griffin, A. Castillo, D. B. Marx, D. B., and L. Smith. 2014.  Growth of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and impacts of chilling and post-inoculation storage on STEC attachment to beef surfaces. Food Microbiology 44:236-242.

  30. Smith, D. R. 2014. Vaccination of cattle against Escherichia coli O157:H7. Microbiology Spectrum 2:EHEC-0006-2013.

  31. Moxley, R. A., and G. R. Acuff.  2014.  Peri- and post-harvest factors in the control of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in beef.  Microbiology Spectrum 2:EHEC-0017-2013.

  32. Thomas, E. M., B. Chapman, L. A. Jaykus, and T. Phister. 2014. Tracing temperature patterns of cut leafy greens during service in North Carolina school food service.  Journal of Food Protection 77:1495-1500.

  33. Tonsor, G. T., and T. C. Schroeder 2015. Market impacts of E. coli vaccination in U.S. feedlot cattle. Agricultural and Food Economics 3:7.

  34. Erdozain, G., K. KuKanich, B. Chapman, and D. Powell. 2015. Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions. Zoonoses and Public Health 62:90-99.

  35. Wommack, K. E., D. J. Nasko, J. Chopyk, and E. G. Sakowski. 2015. Counts and sequences, observations that continue to change our understanding of viruses in nature. Journal of Microbiology 53:181-192.

  36. Adams, P. G., K. L. Swingle, W. F. Paxton, J. J. Nogan, L. R. Stromberg, M. A. Firestone, H. Mukundan, and G. A. Montaño. 2015. Exploiting lipopolysaccharide-induced deformation of lipid bilayers to modify membrane composition and generate two-dimensional geometric membrane array patterns. Scientific Reports 5:10331.

  37. Swartz, R. S., J. B. Luchansky, M. Kulas, B. A. Shoyer, L. E. Shane, H. Strasser, M. Munson, and A. C. S. Porto-Fett. 2015. Thermal inactivation of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli cells within cubed beef steaks following cooking on a griddle.  Journal of Food Protection 78:1013-1017.

  38. Ulbrich, C. J., L. M. Lucia, A. N. Arnold, T. M. Taylor, J. W. Savell, and K. B. Gehring. 2015. Reduction of surrogates for Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella during the production of nonintact beef products by chemical antimicrobial interventions. Journal of Food Protection 78:881-887.

  39. Cálix-Lara, T. F., K. R. Kirsch, M. D. Hardin, A. Castillo, S. B. Smith, and T. M. Taylor. 2015. Investigation into formation of lipid hydroperoxides from membrane lipids in Escherichia coli O157:H7 following exposure to hot water. Journal of Food Protection 78:1197-1202.

  40. Ison, S. A., S. Delannoy, M. Bugarel, K. Nightingale, H. E. Webb, D. Renter, T. G. Nagaraja, G. H. Loneragan, and P. Fach. 2015. Genetic diversity and pathogenic potential of Shiga toxin-negative Escherichia coli O26:H11 recovered from bovine feces in the United States.  Applied and Environmental Microbiology 81:3671-3678.

  41. Cull, C. A., D. G. Renter, N. M. Bello, S. E. Ives, and A. H. Babcock. 2015. Performance and carcass characteristics of commercial feedlot cattle from a study of vaccine and direct fed microbial effects on Escherichia coli O157:H7 fecal shedding.  Journal of Animal Science 93:3144-3151.

  42. Stromberg, Z. R., N. W. Baumann, G. L. Lewis, N. J. Sevart, N. Cernicchiaro, D. G. Renter, D. B. Marx, R. K. Phebus, and R. A. Moxley. 2015. Prevalence of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157 on hides and pre-intervention carcass surfaces of feedlot cattle at harvest. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 12:631-638.

  43. Stromberg, Z. R., G. L. Lewis, D. B. Marx, and R. A. Moxley. 2015. Comparison of enrichment broths for supporting growth of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli. Current Microbiology 71:214-219.

  44. Kulas, M., A. C. S. Porto-Fett, R. Swartz, L. E. Shane, H. K. Strasser, M. Munson, B. A. Shoyer, and J. B. Luchansky. 2015. Thermal inactivation of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli cells within veal cordon bleu. Journal of Food Safety 35:403-409.

  45. Dewsbury, D. M. A., D. G. Renter, P. B. Shridhar, L. W. Noll, X. Shi, T. G. Nagaraja, and N. Cernicchiaro, N. 2015. Summer and winter prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157 in feces of feedlot cattle. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 12:726-732.

  46. Noll, L. W., P. B. Shridhar, D. M. Dewsbury, X. Shi, N. Cernicchiaro, D. G. Renter, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2015. A comparison of culture- and PCR-based methods to detect six major non-O157 serogroups of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in cattle feces.  PLoS One 10:e0135446.

  47. Stromberg, L. R., Z. R. Stromberg, A. Banisadr, S. W. Graves, R. A. Moxley, and H. Mukundan. 2015. Purification and characterization of lipopolysaccharides from six strains of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli.  Journal of Microbiological Methods 116:1-7.

  48. Ekong, P. S., M. W. Sanderson, and N. Cernicchiaro.  2015. Prevalence and concentration of Escherichia coli O157 in different seasons and cattle types processed in North America: A systematic review and meta-analysis of published research. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 121:74-85.

  49. Noll, L. W., P. B. Shridhar, X. Shi, B. An, N. Cernicchiaro, D. G. Renter, T. G. Nagaraja, and J. Bai. 2015. A four-plex real-time PCR assay based on rfbE, stx1, stx2, and eae genes, for the detection and quantification of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 in cattle feces. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 12:787-794.

  50. Lee, J. Y., and J. A. Fox. 2015.  Bidding behavior in experimental auctions with positive and negative values. Economics Letters 136:151-153.

  51. Toro, M., G. Cao, L. Rump, T. G. Nagaraja, J. Meng, and N. G. Escalona. 2015. Genome sequences of 64 strains of non-O157:H7 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli. Genome Announcement 3:e01067-15.

  52. Moxley, R. A., Z. R. Stromberg, G. L. Lewis, J. D. Loy, B. W. Brodersen, I. R. Patel, and J. Gangiredla. 2015. Hemorrhagic colitis associated with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O165:H25 infection in a yearling feedlot heifer.  JMM Case Reports 2:1-6. doi: 10.1099/jmmcr.0.005004.
    Related article:  Pathogenic E. coli by Russ Rice, DVM, Broken Bow, Neb. 

  53. Chaifetz, A., and B. Chapman. 2015. Evaluating North Carolina food pantry food safety-related operating procedures. Journal of Food Protection 78:2033-2042.

  54. Ison, S. A., S. Delannoy, M. Bugarel, T. G. Nagaraja, D. G. Renter, H. C. den Bakker, K. I. Nightingale, P. Fach, and G. Loneragan. 2016. Targeted amplicon sequencing for single-nucleotide-polymorphism genotyping of attaching and effacing Escherichia coli O26:H11 cattle strains via a high-throughput library preparation technique. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 82:640-649.

  55. Noll, L. W., W. C. Baumgartner, P. B. Shridhar, C. A. Cull, D. M. Dewsbury, X. Shi, N. Cernicchiaro, D. G. Renter, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2016. Pooling of immunomagnetic separation beads does not affect detection sensitivity of six major serogroups of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in cattle feces. Journal of Food Protection 79:59-65.

  56. Shridhar, P. B., L. Noll, X. Shi, B. An, N. Cernicchiaro, D. G. Renter, T. G. Nagaraja, and J. Bai. 2016. Multiplex quantitative PCR assays for the detection and quantification of the six major non-O157 Escherichia coli serogroups in cattle feces. Journal of Food Protection 79:66-74.

  57. Puri-Giri, R., A. Ghosh, and L. Zurek. 2016. Stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans L.) from confined beef cattle do not carry Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) in the digestive tract.  Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 13:65-67.

  58. Pozo, V., and T. C. Schroeder. 2016. Evaluating the costs of meat and poultry recalls to food firms using stock returns. Food Policy 59:66-77.

  59. Stromberg, Z. R., G. L. Lewis, S. S. Aly, T. W. Lehenbauer, J. M. Bosilevac, N. Cernicchiaro, and R. A. Moxley. 2016. Prevalence and concentration of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in culled dairy cattle at harvest. Journal of Food Protection 79:421-431.

  60. Shridhar, P. B., L. W. Noll, X. Shi, N. Cernicchiaro, D. G. Renter, J. Bai, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2016. Escherichia coli O104 in feedlot cattle feces: prevalence, isolation and characterization. PLoS One 11:e0152101.

  61. Chopyk, J., R. M. Moore, Z. DiSpirito, Z. R. Stromberg, G. L. Lewis, D. G. Renter, N. Cernicchiaro, R. A. Moxley, and K. E. Wommack. 2016. Presence of pathogenic Escherichia coli is correlated with bacterial community diversity and composition on pre-harvest cattle hides. Microbiome 4:9.

  62. Feng, Y., C. M. Bruhn, and D. Marx. 2016. Evaluation of different food safety education interventions. British Food Journal 118:762-776.

  63. Stromberg, L. R., N. W. Hengartner, K. L. Swingle, R. A. Moxley, S. W. Graves, G. A. Montaño, and H. Mukundan. 2016. Membrane insertion for the detection of lipopolysaccharides: exploring the dynamics of amphiphile-in-lipid assays. PLoS One 11:e0156295.

  64. Porto-Fett, A. C. S., M. Oliver, M. Daniel, B. A. Shoyer, L. J. Stahler, L. W. Shane, L. S Kassama, A. Jackson-Davis, and J. B. Luchansky. 2016. The effect of deep frying or conventional oven cooking on thermal inactivation of Shiga toxin-producing cells of Escherichia coli in meatballs. Journal of Food Protection 79:723-731.

  65. Stromberg, Z. R., G. L. Lewis, and R. A. Moxley. 2016. Comparison of agar media for the detection and quantification of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157 in cattle feces. Journal of Food Protection 79:939-949.

  66. Sevart, N. J., N. Baumann, H. Thippareddi, T. A. Houser, J. B. Luchansky, A. C. S. Porto-Fett, D. B. Marx, G. R. Acuff, and R. K. Phebus. 2016. Evaluating the efficacy of three U.S. Department of Agriculture-approved antimicrobial sprays for reducing Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli surrogate populations on bob veal carcasses. Journal of Food Protection 79:956-962.

  67. Gonzalez-Escalona, N., M. Toro, L. V. Rump, G. Cao, T. G. Nagaraja, and J. Meng. 2016. Virulence gene profiles and clonal relationships of Escherichia coli O26:H11 isolates from feedlot cattle by whole genome sequencing. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 82:3900-3912.

  68. Feng, Y., C. Bruhn, and D. Marx. 2016. Evaluation of the effectiveness of food irradiation messages. Food Protection Trends 36:272-283.

  69. Feng, Y., and C. Bruhn. 2016. Food safety education for people with diabetes and pregnant women: a positive deviance approach. Food Control 66:107-115.

  70. Woods, T. A., H. M. Mendez, S. Ortega, X. Shi, D. Marx, J. Bai, R. A. Moxley, T. G. Nagaraja, S. W. Graves, and A. Deshpande. 2016. Development of 11-plex MOL-PCR assay for the rapid screening of samples for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli.  Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 6:92.

  71. Chen, S., M. W Sanderson, C. Lee, N. Cernicchiaro, D. G. Renter, and C. Lanzas. 2016. Basic reproduction number and transmission dynamics of common serogroups of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 82:5612-5620.

  72. Woods, R. D., and C. M. Bruhn. 2016. Television celebrity chefs as role models for consumers’ safe food handling in the home. Food Protection Trends 36:443-457.

  73. Thomas, E., Binder, A., McLaughlin, A., Jaykus, L., Hanson, D. Powell, D. and Chapman, B. 2016. Assessment of risk communication about undercooked hamburgers by restaurant servers. Journal of Food Protection 79:2113-2118.

  74. Ziari, R., S. Li, B. Dvorak, and J. Subbiah. 2016. Water and energy use of microbial interventions in a beef packing plant. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 32:873-879.

  75. Moxley, R. A., D. H. Francis, M. Tamura, D. Marx, K. Santiago-Mateo, and M. Zhao. 2017. Efficacy of urtoxazumab (TMA-15 humanized monoclonal antibody specific for Shiga toxin-2) against post-diarrheal neurological sequelae caused by Escherichia coli infection in the neonatal gnotobiotic piglet model. Toxins 9:49.

  76. Lister, G., Tonsor, G. T., Brix, M., Schroeder, T. C., and Yang, C.  2017. Food values applied to livestock products. Journal of Food Products Marketing. Accepted and in press.

  77. Chapman, B., M. S. Erdozian, and D. Powell, D. 2017. Going public: early disclosure of food risks for the benefit of public health. Journal of Environmental Health. Accepted and in press.

  78. Zhilyaev, S., V. Cadavez, U. Gonzales-Barron, K. Phetxumphou, and D. Gallagher. 2017. Meta-analysis on the effect of interventions used in cattle processing plants to reduce Escherichia coli contaminationFood Research International. Accepted and in press.

  79. Levine, K., A. Chaifetz, and B. Chapman. 2017. Evaluating food safety risk messages in popular cookbooks. British Food Journal 119: doi:10.1108/BFJ-02-2017-0066.

  80. Shang, X., and G. T. Tonsor. 2017. Food safety recall effects across meat products and regions. Food Policy 69:145-153. 

  81. Shridhar, P. B., L. W. Noll, C. A. Cull, X. Shi, N. Cernicchiaro, D. G. Renter, J. Bai, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2017. Spiral plating method to quantify the six major non-O157 E. coli serogroups in cattle feces. Journal of Food Protection. 80:848-856.

  82. Kirsch, K. R., T. N. Tolen, J. C. Hudson, A. Castillo, D. Griffin, and T. Matthew Taylor. 2017. Effectiveness of a commercial lactic acid bacteria intervention applied to inhibit Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli on refrigerated vacuum-aged beef. International Journal of Food Science 2017:8070515.

  83. Shridhar, P. B., C. Siepker, L. W. Noll, X. Shi, T. G. Nagaraja, and J. Bai. 2017. Shiga toxin subtypes of non-O157 Escherichia coli serogroups isolated from cattle feces. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 7:121.

  84. Noll, L. W., J. N. Worley, X. Yang, P. B. Shridhar, J. Bai, J. Meng, D. Caragea, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2017.  Draft genome sequences of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O103 strains isolated from feces of feedlot cattle. Genome Announcements. 5:e00094-17.

  85. Noll, L. W., J. N. Worley, X. Yang, P. B. Shridhar, J. Bai, J. Meng, D. Caragea, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2017.  Draft genome sequences of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O103 strains isolated from feces of feedlot cattle. Genome Announcements. 5:e00387-17.

  86. Puri-Giri, R., A. Ghosh, J. L. Thomson, and L. Zurek. 2017. House flies in the confined cattle environment carry non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli. Journal of Medical Entomology 54:726-732.

  87.  Cull, C. A., D. Renter, D. M. Dewsbury, L. Noll, P. B. Shridhar, S. Ives, T. G. Nagaraja, and N. Cernicchiaro. 2017. Feedlot- and pen-level prevalence of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in feces of commercial feedlot cattle in two major U.S. cattle feeding areas. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 14:309-317.

  88. Stella, J. M., J. B. Luchansky, K. Miller, B. A. Shoyer, L. E. Shane, L. McGeary, M. Osoria, L. Stahler, N. J. Sevart, R. K. Phebus, H. Thippareddi, and A. C. S. Porto-Fett. 2017. Use of an electrostatic spraying system (ESS) or the sprayed lethality in container (SLIC) method to deliver antimicrobials onto the surface of beef subprimals to control Shiga toxin-producing cells of Escherichia coli. Journal of Food Protection 80:1393-1400.

  89. Kubicek-Sutherland, J. Z., D. M. Vu, H. M. Mendez, S. Jakhar, and H. Mukundan. 2017. Detection of lipid and amphiphilic biomarkers for disease diagnostics. Biosensors 7:E25. 

  90. Overbey, K. N., L. A. Jaykus, and B. J. Chapman. 2017. A systematic review of the use of social media for food safety risk communication. Journal of Food Protection 80:1537-1549.
  91. Schneider, L. G., T. J. Klopfenstein, Z. R. Stromberg, G. L. Lewis, G. E. Erickson, R. A. Moxley, and D. R. Smith. 2017. A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of dietary fibre from distillers grains on enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli detection from the rectoanal mucosa and hides of feedlot steers. Zoonoses and Public Health. E-pub 7-28-2017.

  92. Ghazzi, M., A. C. S. Porto-Fett, N. D. Ayaz, G. Ozansoy, G. Cufaoglu, M. Goncuoglu, A. Dluzneski, S. Holinka, B. A. Shoyer, L. E. Shane, L. J. Stahler, S. G. Campano, and J. B. Luchansky. 2018. Microbiological characterization of çiğ köfte sold at retail in Ankara, Turkey, and evaluation of selected antimicrobials as ingredients to control foodborne pathogens in çiğ köfte during refrigerated storage. Food Control 84:138-147.

  93. Shridhar, P. B., I. R. Patel, J. Gangiredla, M. K. Mammel, L. Noll, X. Shi, J. Bai, C. A. Elkins, N. Strockbine, and T. G. Nagaraja. 2017. Draft genome sequences of Escherichia coli O104 strains of bovine and human origin. Genome Announcements 5:e00630-17.
  94. Tolen, T. N., S. Ruengvisesh, T. M. Taylor. 2017. Application of surface micelle-entrapped eugenol for prevention of growth of the Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in ground beef. Foods. 6:69.

  95. Stromberg, Z. R., G. L. Lewis, L. G. Schneider, G. E. Erickson, I. R. Patel, D. R. Smith, and R. A. Moxley. Culture-based quantification with molecular characterization of non-O157 and O157 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli isolates from rectoanal mucosal swabs of feedlot cattle. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. Accepted and in press.